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Baby formula feeding

A simple Baby formula feeding guide for new moms

A simple baby formula feeding guide for new moms


Baby formula feeding instead of breastfeeding is a very personal choice. Some women may have medical reasons and others just don't have enough breast milk, and need to supplement with formula. On this page you will find some information to get started.


How to make powdered baby formula?

  • For mixing the right amount of formula you need to read the directions on the label of the cans with formula. It will tell you exactly how much water you will have to add to each full scoop of formula. You should not press the powder just level it of with a knife.
  • how to make powdered baby fomula
  • With each can of formula you will find a little scoop. Only use this one as using a different scoop may result in the wrong concentration of formula milk.
  • When you add too much formula it is hard for babies to digest. But this way the baby may also not get enough fluid.
  • If you are diluting baby formula with too much water, then he will not get enough nutrients to grow and develop properly.


Procedure for preparing infant formula in a few simple steps

  1. Clean the surface where you are going to prepare baby's bottle.
  2. Wash your hands.
  3. Read directions on the container with formula and add the right amount of powder to the water.
  4. Use a clean shaker to mix the baby formula with water.
  5. If you use cold tap water, warm the bottle with milk in a pan with hot water or bottle warmer. If you boiled the water first, cool it to the right temperature.
  6. Let some milk run on your inner wrist to check if the temperature is right. When the baby formula temperature is too hot, just hold the bottle a minute under cold running water.
  7. You are ready to feed your baby.
  8. Throw any leftovers of milk in the bottle.


Always prepare the milk just before you want to feed your baby. Milk is the perfect breeding ground for bacteria. If milk is prepared long in advance, bacteria may get the chance to develop and make your baby sick.

Note, that when you need to prepare more milk in advance you can keep it for no longer than 24 hours in the fridge.

There are quite a few baby fomula makers baby formula makersout there that will mix and warm a bottle in minutes.


Baby formula feeding schedule

How much formula does your baby need? The amount of formula depends on a baby's weight and height. Every infant is different.

Some babies drink little bits but more often and other babies drink larger quantities, but less often. You will soon see that nutritional needs and feeding rhythm vary from baby to baby.

The following baby formula feeding chart can be use as a guide, but you can also calculate the correct amount yourself.

For every kilo of weight a baby needs 150ml to 180ml of formula milk. So a baby of 5 kilo should get 750 to 900 ml per day.


Baby's age

Number of feedings

How often

Amount by body weight

0 -3 months

6 to 8

Every 3 to 4 hours

150 ml to 180 ml per kilo or 2½ fl oz per lb

4 – 6 months

4 to 6

Every 4 to 6 hours

150 ml to 180 ml per kilo or 2½ fl oz per lb

7 – 9 months

4 + solids

Every 6 hours

120 ml per kilo or 2 fl oz per lb

10 – 12 months

3 + solids

Every 8 hours

120 ml per kilo or 2 fl oz per lb 

Infant formula needs calculator will calculate for you the recommended infant formula amount by weight.

Baby formula feeding schedule for new borns.


When a baby is always hungry

Most pediatricians tell mothers that an infant should drink a maximum of about 30 oz or 900ml a day.

baby formula feeding

Photo by Pilaar39 on Flickr.

But some babies always seem to be hungry and need to drink a lot more to be satisfied.

This brings us to the question:

Can an infant over-eat formula?

There are different opinions among doctors on overfeeding with baby formula.

Some say that you cannot overfeed a baby and that an infant will show that he or she is full by pushing away the bottle.

Others belief that babies that drink more than the recommended amount daily, are at a greater risk of becoming obese when they grow older.

When your baby always seems very hungry do not add an extra scoop of formula, but rather give some extra milk with the right concentration.

Baby formula feeding schedules are mostly more convenient for the mother, but you will have a much happier baby if you let him set his own pace.


What is the best water for baby formula feeding?

When you need to prepare infant formula for the first time, you might be wondering what kind of water you should use. According to AAP, it is ok for parents to use tap water to mix baby formula. They say that tap water in the US is regulated by the Safe Drinking Water act, and can safely be used for baby formula feeding.

Bottled or nursery water.

Making baby formula using bottled water or nursery water is another option. But of course this is a more expensive way that not all parents can afford. Look for bottles with low-fluoride water.

Dasani Purified Water

They are labeled as de-ionized, purified, de-mineralized or distilled water.

If you consider using well water, have it first examined for high mineral levels and germs. There are no safety regulations for well water like they have for tap water. Boiling may kill the germs but may also increase the mineral levels.

Do you need to boil the water first?

There are different opinions on whether you need to boil the water first when you prepare baby formula. After several out breaks of infants that fell ill from powdered infant formula contaminated with salmonella, the World Health Organization recommends that you first boil the water for several minutes.

When the water has cooled down to 70 degrees you should add the formula powder.

Then you cool the formula further to a drinkable temperature for your baby.

OXO bottle brush

This way you are sure that if there are bacteria present in the milk, they will get killed.

Bacteria can also build up in baby's bottles and other equipment when they are not properly cleaned. For that you will need a solid baby bottle brush like the OXO brush on the left, which is suitable for most bottle shapes.

When using tap water:

Avoid hot water from the tap as it usually contains higher levels of lead.

Rather let the cold water run for several minutes to wash away most of the lead. The longer you don't use the faucet the more the lead from the pipes builds up in the water.You may also consider using a good water filter system for your household's drinking water.

This will get rid of many dangerous contaminants, like heavy metals such as copper, lead and mercury but also of pesticides, radon and volatile organic chemicals.



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